Belize

Overview

Once home to pirates, Mayans, and European explorers, Belize is culturally unique and diverse. As of 2017, this Central American country had about 389,000 residents. Belize's population density is the lowest of any country in Central America, and its growth rate is one of the highest.

Belize lies on the eastern shore of Central America. Both Caribbean and Latin American influences are apparent in its culture. Festive celebrations and punta music are a part of Belize's identity. Nature is also an important part of daily life. Belize has some of the world's largest coral reefs, which sustain some of the rarest and most endangered marine species on the planet.

Belize has been an independent country since 1981, when it was freed from British rule. It has a parliamentary constitutional monarchy that is based on the government structure of Great Britain. The capital city is Belmopan, and the largest city is Belize City.

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Quick Facts about Belize

Borders

Belize is bordered by only two nations, Mexico and Guatemala. Mexico makes up its northern border, while Guatemala borders it to the west and south.

The Caribbean Ocean is along Belize's entire eastern border, giving the country over 170 Miles of coastline. Because of its amazing tropical geography, Belize has become an major cruise destination!

Area

Belize is the second smallest Central American country. It is approximately 8,867 square miles, or just under 23,000 square kilometers in area.

History

Belize's history dates back many years, and its first inhabitants were the Mayans. The Mayans initially inhabited the Yucatan Peninsula about three million years ago. Along with Belize, the Mayans lived in present-day Mexico, Guatemala, and Honduras. The peak of Mayan civilization was about 250 A.D. As the Mayan kingdom grew, complex institutions and a sophisticated economy developed. The Mayan empire flourished up to the time of Spanish conquest, which began in the 16th century.

In the 17th century, commandeering pirates, including the fearsome pirate Blackbeard, hid out on the remote islands off Belize's coast. European settlers discovered the continent at about the same time, and they quickly established colonies on the mainland. Britain took control of Belize in 1862, and it finally relinquished power in 1981. Belize has remained independent since then, and it is divided into six administrative districts.

Economy

In the wake of its independence, Belize has faced some challenges to its economic stability. Exchange rates are a source of ongoing concern for the nation, and it depends heavily on cooperation from large trade partners including Mexico, the United States, and countries across Central America. The same natural resources that make Belize a prime vacation destination also play a key role in its economic development. Belize is rich in fossil fuels such as crude oil and petroleum, which are its main source of economic revenue. Agriculture is also an important part of the country's economy. Tourism is catching up quickly, and fishing accounts for a good portion of economic activity in the coastal towns. Sugar is one of Belize's top crops, and the banana industry also plays a vital role in its economy.

Government

Belize has been an independent country since 1981, when it was freed from British rule. It has a parliamentary constitutional monarchy that is based on the government structure of Great Britain. The capital city is Belmopan, and the largest city is Belize City.

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Frequently Asked Questions

What Languages are spoken?

The primary languages of Belize are English and a Creole patois. The official language is English.

What currencies are commonly accepted?

The Belize dollar is used in Belize, and its value is pegged to 1/2 of the U.S. Dollar.

What is the population of Belize?

The population of Belize is approximately 383,000.

What is the capital?

The capital is Belmopan, located in the central part of the country. The population of Belmopan is approximately 16,500.

What is the time in Canberra?

13:31:43, 12/03/2021

Map of Belize

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